ABU(Senior group) Excellent Work
“What should your country do to cover all visually impaired children in school education programmes and also provide them quality education?”
India Babooja Ranjan Choudhury (36/male)
Founded on two fundamental ideologies in the arena of education—the “Segregation” and the “Integration”—the systems and the set-ups as are operating to provide the pupils with visual impairment in India are known as the “Segregated School or the Special School” system and the “RegularSchool” set-up.The Government of India and the State Governments as well as the Non-Governmental organizations at national, provincial and local levels have shaken hands and are, in co-ordination, running the programmes for providing Formal Education to all visually impaired children in India.To turn this effort into real success, what will primarily be required are, the identification of all visually impaired children (VIC) of India, eligible for education and their proper accommodation in the relevant educational environment.
Quite disheartening to write that there are no concrete and comprehensive survey reports available to establish and ascertain accurate number of school-going VIC and assess the standard and quality of education imparted to them in the schools of India.For instance, the NSSO’s report (2002) puts the number of visually handicapped children 5-19 years old at 633000 and the Institute of Applied Manpower Research under the Planning Commission of India says that the number of visually handicapped children (VHC) from 5-14 years of age is about 8.50 lakh and that of low vision children is about 432400.
The NUEPA reported (some time back) that 249200 blind students were enrolled in regular schools.AICB’s sample survey suggests that there may be some 33000 learners receiving education in about 400 special schools for the blind.
Although the supra-cited figures are old, based on secondary sources and not at all verifiable, but they certainly suffice to indicate that below one-fourth of total VIC in India have been accommodated in the school education programmes.
Features of education of visually challenged Children:
Children with visual challenges receive Formal Education in the special schools for the blind.They can also access the opportunities of education available through Integrated and Inclusive education programme and DPEP and Education For All Schemes operating in regular schools.
Purview of their education encompasses progrmames and activities prescribed in the curriculum of the education board and the additional curriculum which includes activities required to impart compensatory stimuli to cope up in the normal educational and social environment.
Pre-requisites of quality education:-
Considering India’s economic capability, constitutional liability, commitment to the international communities and the UNO’s Convention certain tasks can be assigned to the Government, the NGO’s and the citizens as a whole for fulfillment by which miles of moors can be surpassed towards target of total accommodation of and quality education for all VIC in the school education programmes.
Education is the constitutional right conferred upon all the Indian children irrespective of their social and physical backgrounds.Hence, it is the duty and the responsibility of all Governmental and non-governmental organizations, the media and the community as a whole to operate in the best possible manner with an intention of availing them of appreciable educational opportunities and environment for receiving quality education, the true education.